Situated in the north-West Himalayas, Shimla the summer capital of India before independence is now the capital of Himachal Pradesh.Shimla derives its name from "Shyamala";- the goddess Kali,whose temple existed in the dense forest that covered Jakhu Hill in the early 19th century. The English named it " Simla ". Shimla is well connected by air, road and rail with all parts of Himachal Pradesh, and the neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashimir and the Union territory of Chandigarh. Covering the area of 18 sq. km. at a height of 7,238 ft. Shimla is surrounded by pine, deodar, oak and rhododendron forests. Its well developed facilities, easy accessibility and numerous attractions make it one of India's most popular hill-stations.